The vaccination schedule for adults may include recommendations for all population comprised in a certain age group depending on the vaccine. Also, for the so-called risk groups with a certain disease vaccination recommendations may apply.

All adults who have not completed their vaccination schedule or who did not get vaccinated when they were children shoud get properly vaccinated. For some diseases, proper vaccination has no age limit. Such is the case for tetanus and diphtheria. For others, vaccination is recommended if the person has not contracted the disease yet or if they are not immunized, such as with measles and rubella. Also, indications regarding booster dosages must be followed if immunization is lost over time. Finally, because old people have a worse response in their immune system, they are more vulnerable. Thus, recommendations apply to vaccinate people over 60, especially against flu.


Most of the children in Spain follow a vaccination schedule that extends until 14 years old and starts when the baby is three months old.  Vaccination is not compulsory in Spain but it is highly advisable. Vaccination schedules are designed to protect the child through a period in which they are very vulnerable.

Vaccinations included within the vaccination schedule are free. You can get more information at your referral healthcare center once you are living in Spain. Other vaccinations are optional and must be paid for.

Vaccinations administered in all Autonomous Communities protect against the following diseases: : Diphteria, tetanus, pertussis, haemophilus influenza type b (Hib), hepatitis B, polio, Serogroup C Meningococcal disease, measles, rubella, mumps, infection by the human papillomavirus and chickenpox (for those children who have not had the disease and who have not received the vaccine).    The vaccines against these diseases are common to all Spain but then each Autonomous Community, because each one manages the public healthcare in a specific geographical area, has decided to introduce other vaccines in their vaccination schedules.

All vaccines that protect against the aforementioned diseases are administered in the whole country but some Autonomous Communities have added other free vaccines in their territory:

  • Galicia vaccinates against overwhelming infection by neumococcus within the frame of a pilot program.
  • Navarra, Ceuta and Melilla protect against chickenpox in the first two years of life plus at 12 years old.
  • Cataluña, Ceuta and Melilla also vaccinate against Hepatitis A.
  • Madrid, Ceuta and Melilla give a booster against whooping cough at 14 years old.

Vaccination shedule from the Spanish Pediatrics Association


“Vaccinations included within the vaccination schedules are free until 14 years old. You can obtain more information at your healhtcare referral center once you are living in Spain”.

“Most of the children in Spain follow a vaccination schedule that extends until 14 years old and starts when the baby is only a few months old”.

“There are free vaccinations common to all Spanish autonomous communities and in some of them the offer has spread to other diseases”.


Interesting information on how to prevent diseases and how to use the public healthcare system

What to do when sick

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Click on these links to find out about the health precautions you should follow in Spain