MAIN VISAS AND PERMITS TO TRAVEL TO AND RESIDE IN SPAIN
Stay Visa (Less than three months)
It is a permit by which a foreigner from outside the EU can stay in Spain for a maximum period of 90 days, except for study permits, research permits and non-occupational internships permits.
The stay must be requested from your country when you wish to come to Spain for reasons other than working or residing in Spain. The main reasons are:
- Studies and Research;
- Student mobility to pursue your secondary education in Spain;
- Non-occupational internships or
- Medical reasons;
- Family reasons.
In some cases you must request the corresponding stay visa before Spain’s embassy or consulate in your country in order to have your stay authorized (depending on your country of origin). In others, you have to submit the requested documentation at the Spanish border control. Once the stay visa is no longer valid you can request an extension of your stay.
FIND FURTHER INFORMATION ON SHORT TERM VISAS FOR CITIZENS FROM OUTSIDE THE EU
Residence (More than three months)
With a temporary residence you are allowed to live in Spain for a minimum period of three months and a maximum period of five years. The first permit is valid for a maximum of one year.
There are several types of temporary residence some of which entitle the bearer to work.Among the main temporary residence permits we may find:
- Work and temporary residence
- Residence for extraordinary circumstances (without papers)
- Residence for family reunification
- Non-lucrative temporary residence (do not entitle to engage in a professional activity or employment).
With a long duration residence you are allowed to stay and reside in Spain indefinitely and work under the same conditions as Spaniards. In order to access this long duration residence you must prove you have legally and continuously resided in Spain for 5 years.
FIND FURTHER INFORMATION ON RESIDENCE FOR CITIZENS FROM OUTSIDE THE EU
FIND INFORMATION ON STAYS AND RESIDENCE FOR EU CITIZENS
FOREIGNERS RIGHTS UNDER SPANISH LEGISLATIONThe Aliens Act acknowledges certain rights, some are limited to be enjoyed only by people with a residence permit in Spain, some are detached from the foreigner's administrative situation. Some of the most important rights are the following:
- Education. All foreigners under 18 years old have the right and the obligation to an education on the same terms as Spaniards. This right includes access to compulsory education, obtainment of academic qualifications and access to a public system of grants and scholarships. They will also have a right to access non-compulsory secondary education regardless of their administrative situation.
- Free legal assitance. Should you need legal assistance to attend a trial, you can request a public defender and benefit from a free justice if you previously justify you lack the economic resources to pay for a private one.
- City registration. It is an administrative record where all neighbours belonging to a certain district or council are registered. Non-Community foreigners must renew it every two years, unless they are holders of a long-term residence permit.
- Health. You must have a resident permit or work and residence permit to be granted this service. If you are staying irregularly this right extends only to assistance in emergency units. Minors and pregnant women also have this right granted until medical discharge.
- Translator. If you do not understand or speak Spanish, you are entitled by law to ask for an interpreter that translates into a language you can understand for the spanish legal services.
BUREAUCRACYInformation on the documentation needed to access the Spanish territory
I want to go to Spain
Find information on the documentation needed to enter in Spain.
I am already in Spain
Information to regularise your situation and your family member's in Spain.