You may wonder why you need to take certain health protections if you are going to travel to your country of origin after having stayed in Spain for some time. The human body adapts itself to the background in which it lives and creates natural defenses against organisms that cause diseases. In Spain these organisms are not the same as the ones in your country of origin and your body has been losing the defenses against the diseases in your country as you have spent your life in Spain.
If you are going to travel to tropical countries with children it is specially important to take certain measures with them because they are the most vulnerable and they are less immunised against the diseases.
What are the risks if I travel to my country located in the Tropic?
Travelers have a higher risk of getting infectious diseases such as those transmitted by water, food or mosquito bites.
Malaria or paludism, transmitted by mosquitoes is a disease that can have very severe consequences, specially in children and pregnant women.
All members of your family must prevent this disease if you are going to travel to Africa or certain areas in Latin America and Asia.
What must I do before the trip?
At least one month before the trip it is advisable for you to visit your doctor or your pe to receive sanitary advice.
Children must have their vaccination schedule updated, and even, some vaccinations must be moved forward. Depending on the trip some vaccinations are compulsory (yellow fever, meningitis) while others are advisable (hepatitis A, typhoid fever).
International Vaccination Centers (Centros de Vacunación Internacional) supply these vaccinations, as well as the medication to prevent malaria or paludism.
What measures must be taken during my trip to my country?
Taking the pills against malaria or paludism if your doctor has prescribed them for you.
Using insect screens to sleep (thus mosquito bites that can transmit diseases are prevented). Use insect repellents.
Eating freshly made food and avoiding food that has spent some time at room temperature. Take precautions if you come into contact with sick people.
Drinking safe water. It is preferable to use bottled wated for children and to prepare baby bottles.
Taking greater precautions with sharp objects and medical devices. Remember there is a risk of disease transmission with injections, dental extractions, etc. if the devices are not sterilised. The same occurs with blood transfusions if the blood is not analised.
Using a condom in your sexual intercourses. Remember condoms can protect you against many diseases.
What must I take into account after the trip?
You must keep on taking the pills against paludism as prescribed.
If you or your children present dhiarrea or skin problems after the trip you must go to your healthcare center. If you have a fever you must do so urgently, for it can be due to malaria or paludism.
Paludism in children can also give dhiarrea or coughing.
List of countries with paludism
“If you have been residing in Spain and you go visit your country in a tropical area you must take precautions because your body has lost defenses against the diseases”.
“If your country is included in the map of countries with paludism you must take the medication prescribed by the doctor in Spain, drink bottled water, eat only freshly made food, sleep with an insect screen and use a condom in your sexual intercourses”.
“Children are specially vulnerable when you go visit your country so you must take greater precautions with them”.
HEALTHInteresting information on how to prevent diseases and how to use the public healthcare system
What to do when sick
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